When creating your own garden, exotic plants are becoming increasingly popular. Palm trees, agaves, kiwi plants and Co. bring Mediterranean charm in the green areas and enrich the native plant variety. For exotics to flourish, however, there is a lot to consider in both selection and care.
That many exotics are hardy, is new to many garden owners. There are actually some plants that get along with winter in Germany more than good. Many specimens, which originate from South America, must withstand there also minus degrees. Some banana trees For example, our winter often copes very well. No less robust are kiwi and pineapple, as well as several fig varieties that are at home in North America. It often takes one to two years after planting to protect the plants from snow and ice in winter. With appropriate protective covers that is comfortable to implement. After several years, the plants adapt to the climate, so they can soon no longer harm the cold of the German winter.
Palm trees on the rise
Palm trees are the epitome of a garden with a tropical character. They provide holiday flair and arrive almost always well. The advantage of palm trees is that there are models for every taste and every garden. When looking into the online shop www.palmenmann.de, which specializes in palm trees, the large variety of varieties quickly becomes apparent. From the imposing Date palm about decorative Rotblattpalmen to the impressive fire palm the spectrum is enough. When selecting hobby gardeners should inform in detail about the site conditions, the maximum height and the required care. When buying, value healthy leaves with uniform growth and rich green color.
Here are three varieties that are suitable for free planting in the garden:
Basically, the conditions in the home garden must match as well as those of the original home. Numerous care tips have been compiled on the CCInfo information platform at www.palmeninfo.de. This is explained, for example, that "the regular spraying of the plants with diluted algae juice (commercially available) "in addition to rich green leaves also strengthens the resistance. "The effect is due to the fact that algae juice is rich in all important trace elements and other beneficial to the health of plants substances. They are recorded directly over the leaves. "
A lot of light is indispensable
Especially important for a flourishing of exotic plants is sufficient light. Most of the exotics come from regions with plenty of sun. The location must therefore be chosen accordingly. Only in this way is healthy growth possible. For pouring, rainwater warmed up by the sun is ideal. regular Fertilize is fundamental for many plants with high nutritional needs.
6 exotics at a glance
The following table provides information on six other exotics that have good chances of survival in German gardens:
|designation ||Location ||Hints |
|prickly pear ||dry, lots of sun, loose soil ||Robust and mostly unaffected by cold, yet protect from frost |
|Fädige Palmlilie ||full sun, well drained soil ||Winterhart, comes from the USA |
|agave ||dry and rocky. Floors should always be slightly damp ||Desert plant, must winter in the house from autumn |
|Coward ||sunny, loamy and nutrient-rich soils, moderately dry ||Can flower up to three times a year. Comes from Southwest Asia. |
|canna ||sheltered from the wind, sunny ||In winter, a protective layer of mulch is beneficial. |
|LEUCOTHOE ||bright, sheltered, acidic soil ||Pretty tough. Evergreen plant |
Kiwis are increasingly popular
Who one Kiwipflanze and wondering that the fruits are missing, may have made a crucial mistake at the beginning: it was planted only a male or female plant. So that garden lovers can look forward to abundant fruits, they must put at least one male specimen to fertilize about five female plants. But there are exceptions. Modern breeds have hermaphroditic flowers and thus female and male organs united in one plant. However, a successful harvest should not always be expected here. Unfortunately, the fruits often grow very reserved or are crippled.
The kiwi plant belongs to the Lianengewächsen, which is why a trellis aid is indispensable similar to grapevines. A scaffold consisting of two opposite piles, between which three wires are stretched, offers the exotic animals optimum help in growing. 60 to 70 inches should be between the three wires. While the center drive is to be led upwards, the side shoots should be allowed to grow laterally. The look of the plant is very attractive and brings a welcome change in native gardens. Originally from northeastern China, it belongs to the genus Actinidia. For breeding is suitable Chinese ray pens Good. The following varieties bear smaller fruits:
- Actinidia arguta
- Actinidia melanandra
- Actinidia purpurea
- Actinidia kolomikta
Kiwi plants need a warm, windless and very sunny location. A humus-rich soil, which is worked up with wood shavings, would be ideal. If the ground is very hard, sand is mixed in. The first few years after planting, they must be well protected from frost. Baking paper and wood wool are ideal for keeping the stem from the cold. The frost protection should be at least from December to March, even late frost can harm the exotic, which is why it makes sense to use the insulating material rather longer. Young specimens should not be planted outside before May. Since kiwis are flat-rooters, they need plenty of water in the summer. Incidentally, the stature height should not be underestimated. Up to five meters are not uncommon. In addition, we have in our guide "Modern garden design" 110 Inspirational Ideas arranged, which also make it possible to stage exotics in the garden effectively.